Medically Reviewed by Dr. David Crawford
Hips are essential for mobility, functionality, and overall health. When something goes wrong with the hips, it can be a complex problem to manage. Hip preservation surgery is often a viable solution for those who suffer from hip pain or disorders due to an injury or illness.
If debilitating pain in your hip affects your active lifestyle, schedule a consultation at JIS Orthopedics to find out if you are a candidate for hip preservation surgery. Our experienced team of orthopedic specialists will work together with you to assess your individual needs and determine the best course of action for you so that you can gain back mobility and enjoy an improved quality of life.
We are the midwest’s premier clinical orthopedic destination with locations in New Albany and St. Clairsville, Ohio. Call us today to schedule an appointment!
What Is Hip Preservation Surgery?
Hip preservation surgery involves repairing damage to the bones, cartilage, labrum, or soft tissue around the hip joint. The goal of the surgery is to reduce pain and restore movement to the affected area.
The surgery typically involves reshaping abnormal parts of the hip and cleaning up damaged areas such as cartilage, bone spurs, or abnormal tissue. If the labrum is torn, it is then repaired back to the bone with orthopedic implants.
In some cases, surgeons may also use screws to secure the joint’s components in place. Additionally, arthroscopic techniques may be used during surgery to repair soft tissues or remove the inflamed synovial lining.
Recovery time following hip preservation surgery can vary depending on the patient’s age, health, and lifestyle. Generally, a patient may require physical therapy to help regain strength and flexibility in their hip joint. In most cases, full recovery can be expected within 3-4 months post-surgery.
Hip Preservation Surgery VS Hip Replacement Surgery
Hip replacement surgery is a more invasive procedure that involves the complete removal of an arthritic, damaged hip joint and its replacement with an artificial implant. The procedure typically requires several weeks of recovery time, and patients must follow post-operative instructions carefully in order to ensure healthy healing.
In contrast, hip preservation surgery is a less invasive procedure designed to help preserve the existing hip joint while relieving pain and restoring function. This type of surgery is usually recommended for younger patients whose hip damage can be successfully corrected without replacing the entire joint.
By preserving the natural anatomy and biomechanics of the hip joint, it has been shown to provide better long-term results than traditional hip replacement.
What Are the Different Types of Hip Preservation Surgery?
Hip preservation surgery is a minimally invasive procedure designed to reduce pain and improve mobility without requiring a total hip replacement. Common procedures include:
- Repair of the labrum (the soft cartilage around the hip joint)
- Reshaping osteoplasty (restoring the normal bony hip shape)
- Resection of bone spurs (removing bony projections that form on the edges of bones)
- Debridement of articular surfaces (removing pieces of loose bone or cartilage in the hip or hip socket)
- Pelvic osteotomy (cutting bone away to better align the hip and pelvis)
- Hip arthroscopy (a type of hip preservation surgery that uses small incisions to get full visualization of the inside of the joint)
What Conditions Can Be Treated By Hip Preservation Surgery?
Hip preservation surgery can be a beneficial treatment option for individuals who are suffering from various hip-related conditions, including:
- Hip impingement
- Labral tears
- Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI)
- Avascular necrosis
- Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in children, teens, and young adults
Who Is a Candidate for Hip Preservation Surgery?
Candidates for hip preservation surgery may include athletes and active individuals, those with a family history of hip dysplasia or labral tears, and individuals suffering from chronic hip pain or stiffness.
It’s important to note that this type of surgery isn’t appropriate for everyone. Your doctor will conduct a thorough evaluation to determine if you are a suitable candidate for the procedure.
They will consider factors such as your age, general health, activity level, and the severity of your condition. Hip preservation surgery is generally considered a safe procedure for those who meet the criteria.
What Should I Expect From Hip Preservation Surgery?
Hip preservation surgery is typically performed using minimally invasive techniques via arthroscopic portals. This helps to minimize tissue disruption while allowing direct visualization of the joint structure through a camera inserted into the joint.
The surgeon will then repair or reconstruct any damaged structures, resurface any cartilage if necessary, and/or perform a reconstruction to restore normal hip anatomy and biomechanics. Most procedures last two to three hours and require general anesthesia and/or a regional nerve block (an injection blocking pain signals to the brain).
After surgery, patients may expect some stiffness and soreness in the area due to the incision site being kept covered and immobilized while healing. Physical therapy is an integral part of pre-operative preparation and post-operative recovery after hip preservation surgery; many surgeons recommend six weeks of physical therapy following surgery.
With regular physical therapy sessions and diligent follow-up care, most patients can expect to return to their normal activities within four to six months post-operatively.
Key Takeaways Regarding Hip Preservation
Hip preservation surgery is an effective treatment option for those suffering from several different hip conditions, helping them regain hip function and reduce pain associated with these conditions.
At JIS Orthopedics, we offer state-of-the-art technology and a personalized approach to ensure that each patient receives the highest quality of care. We are committed to providing our patients with compassionate, individualized service during every step of their journey toward recovery.
If you think you may benefit from hip preservation surgery, we encourage you to contact us today for more information or to make an appointment at one of our locations in New Albany or St. Clairsville, OH. Our team at JIS Orthopedics is ready to help you find relief from your symptoms and get back to living an active life!