< Back

What are Orthobiologics?

Orthobiologics are a type of treatment aimed to repair damaged joints, tendons and muscles. These treatments include platelet rich plasma “PRP”, stem cells and amniotic-derived tissue. As opposed to steroid injections, orthobiologics have the potential to heal damaged tissue while decreasing the body’s inflammatory response to injury. There is a growing abundance of research supporting the use of orthobiologics for the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions. JIS is committed to evidence-based research when recommending the use of these products.


PRP is obtained by drawing your own blood and concentrating it down to isolate the platelet rich plasma. This plasma is rich in proteins that combat inflammation, promote cell growth and increase blood flow. In multiple research studies, PRP has been shown to be more effective than gel injections in reducing pain associated with arthritis.


The stem cell treatment offered by JIS is performed by obtaining bone marrow from the hip region and concentrating this down in a similar fashion to PRP. This type of stem cell treatment is also known as Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate (BMAC). Stem cells have the potential to differentiate into tissue such as cartilage or tendon. Furthermore, the bone marrow aspirate is composed of blood, which provides all the same benefits of PRP. Most research has shown that BMAC injections are effective in decreasing pain and increasing function.


There are now a number of products available that are composed of amniotic-derived tissue, which could be potentially beneficial for certain orthopedic conditions. These products are obtained from donated tissue at the time of full-term c-section deliveries. The tissue is then sterilely processed, preserved and shipped a few days before the injection. There is still limited research on the benefit of these products, and as such, JIS does not routinely use these products.