Reviewed by Dr. Derek Snook
Neck & Spine Pain in Columbus & New Albany, Ohio
Since our spine, neck, and back are all closely related, sometimes it may be difficult to pinpoint exactly where our pain is coming from.
At JIS Orthopedics, we understand how difficult it can be for you to describe your discomfort. Schedule an appointment today at one of our 3 offices conveniently located in New Albany, Athens, and St. Clairsville to receive a proper diagnosis!
The spine is one of the most important and complex structures in the human body. It supports your head and neck, allows for the movement of your limbs, and protects your spinal cord. However, it can also be susceptible to a variety of problems.
Our specialists are experienced in treating anything from compression fractures to even the most complex spinal conditions. We always try to implement non-surgical options first before recommending spine surgery.
Common Spine Conditions
There are many common spine conditions that may be causing you pain. Below you’ll find a list of these ailments.
Compressed or Pinched Nerves
A pinched nerve occurs when surrounding tissues, such as bones, ligaments, or discs apply too much pressure to a nerve. Nerve compression can be extremely painful and cause tingling, numbness, or weakness.
Degenerative Disc Disease
A common condition that results in the deterioration of the discs that cushion the vertebrae in your spine. As the discs begin to deteriorate, they lose their ability to absorb shock and protect the spine.
Spinal Deformity and Scoliosis
Spinal deformity is a condition in which the spine is abnormally curved. The most common type of spinal deformity is kyphoscoliosis.
Radiculopathy occurs when there is nerve compression or irritation of a nerve root in the spinal column. This can happen due to a herniated disc, bone spur, natural degeneration, or spinal stenosis.
The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in your body, running from your lower back down to the back of your legs. When the lower lumbar nerves become pinched, they can cause a sharp pain that radiates through your entire leg.
Disc herniation is a condition that can occur when the discs in your spine become damaged or weakened. This can cause the inner portion of the disc to bulge outwards, putting pressure on the nerves near your spine.
Arthritis of the Spine
Arthritis of the spine refers to inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae. There are several different types of arthritis that can affect the spine, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis.
This condition occurs when the spaces in your spine narrow, placing pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. This can lead to pain, numbness, and weakness in the arms and legs.
A slipped disc refers to a condition where the vertebra moves in relation to the adjacent vertebra due to arthritis. It is commonly associated with stenosis of the spine.
Neck pain can also prove to be a source of significant discomfort. Our necks are full of multiple pain generators, and unless they cause considerable radiation into your arms and hands, they are typically harmless.
The non-surgical treatment options recommended for acute pain include:
- Modification in activities
- Over-the-counter medications
Generally, neck pain tends to improve within a few days to a couple of weeks. However, if your discomfort lasts longer, it is best to seek medical attention. Your doctor may recommend X-rays, an MRI, or the following conservative treatments:
- Physical therapy
- Chiropractic treatment
- Prescribed medications
If your body does not respond to these conservative measures, surgical treatment may be necessary. This may include:
- Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion — This procedure can relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves by removing the damaged disc and any other tissue that is pressing on these vital structures.
- Cervical Disc Replacement — This procedure involves replacing the damaged disc with an artificial disc to reduce chronic pain caused by degenerative disc disease.
- Cervical Laminectomy and Fusion Surgery — These procedures are often performed together. Laminectomy involves removing a small portion of the bone to relieve pressure. Spinal fusion surgery involves joining two or more bones together for stability.
- Revision Spine Surgery — This surgery is a specialized type of spinal surgery used to treat patients who have had unsuccessful results from prior spine surgeries.
There are many internal factors that can generate back pain, including your bones, ligaments, discs, and nerves.
Thankfully, there are also several minimally invasive techniques that can be used to counteract your back pain, including:
- Giving yourself time to heal
- Over-the-counter medications (ibuprofen and acetaminophen)
- Chiropractic treatment
- Physical therapy
- Osteopathic manipulation
If your back pain persists, X-rays or an MRI may be recommended. Seek medical care if you realize that your back pain is coupled with a substantial amount of pain that radiates in your legs or if you experience any numbness or weakness.
Surgical options used to relieve back pain may include:
- Lumbar Laminectomy and Fusion — Involves removing a portion of the bone (lamina) that covers the spinal cord in the lower back. Spinal fusion joins two or more bones together, preventing movement between them.
- Minimally Invasive Microdiscectomy — This procedure aims to remove the herniated disc material that is pressing on the spinal nerve root and causing back pain while minimizing damage to the surrounding tissue.
- Minimally Invasive Laminectomy — This procedure is less invasive than traditional laminectomy and usually results in less pain and a shorter recovery time.
- Thoracic Spine Surgery — Performed to correct several issues in the thoracic spine or upper back.
- Spinal Cord Stimulation — This involves the implantation of a device called a stimulator. This device sends electrical impulses to the spinal cord, which can help to reduce pain signals to the brain and improve function.
- Revision Spine Surgery — This is a specialized type of surgery performed when a previous spine surgery has not successfully corrected the problem.
- Anterior Lumbar Fusion Surgery — This procedure is unique in that it approaches the spine from the front rather than the back or side.
The team of specialists at JIS Orthopedics knows what it takes to help you feel better again. Schedule an appointment today at one of our 3 offices located in New Albany, Athens, or St. Clairsville. We look forward to assisting you with your discomfort!